STD Symptoms
STD symptoms should never be used as the sole diagnostic tool for your sexual health. However, being educated about these warning signs is still a good idea. If you’re visiting this page, you are probably concerned about being infected with an STD. The simple fact is, half of STDs are asymptomatic, meaning they exhibit no STD symptoms or tangible signs of infection. There will be no burning, rashes, or bumps. The most easily curable STDs can still silently cause irreversible health conditions such as infertility. The only way to know your sexual health status with certainty is to get an STD test. Please call us at 1-888-259-8244 and schedule a quick and convenient test at one of our diagnostic labs. It will be affordable, confidential, and take only 15 minutes of your time.

Courtesy of the Center for Disease Control (CDC), we have provided information regarding each STD symptoms, testing procedures, risks and complications, and treatment protocols:

Bacterial Vaginosis – female-specific condition where the normal balance of the vaginal bacterial flora is disrupted. Many times associated with a loss of natural acidity in the vagina, creating better conditions for growth of harmful bacteria.

STD Symptoms
- Abnormal vaginal discharge, usually white or gray, can be thin
- Unpleasant fishy odor, especially after intercourse
- Burning urination
- Itching around exterior of vagina

- Transmission is possible between female sexual partners
- Male partners are rarely treated.

- Urinalysis for bacterial infections (SFHT Diagnostic)
- Examination of the vagina and vaginal fluid sample

- Antibiotic treatment with metronidazole or clindamycin


Chlamydia – The most frequently reported bacterial STD in the United States. The bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis, is the cause of this disease. It is known as a “silent” disease, as most people infected with chlamydia experience no symptoms. Thus, the majority of people infected with chlamydia are unaware. If left untreated, it can cause serious health problems such as infertility.

STD Symptoms
- (Male Only) Burning sensation when urinating
- White, cloudy, watery discharge from the tip of the penis
- Itching around opening of the penis
- If an anal infection, pain, bleeding, and/or discharge from anus
- (Female Only) Abnormal vaginal discharge that may have odor
- Lower abdominal and back pain
- Nausea
- Burning sensation when urinating
- Fever
- Pain during intercourse
- Bleeding between menstrual periods
- Itching or burning in or around the vagina

- Can be transmitted through oral, anal, or vaginal sex

- Urinalysis (SFHT Diagnostic)

- Single dose of Azithromycin or a week of BID dosing doxycycline
- Re-infection is possible if partners have not completed treatment before resuming sexual intercourse. Therefore abstinence is recommended until treatment is complete.


Gonorrhea – Another very common STD caused by the bacterium, Neisseria gonorrhoeae. If left untreated, it can lead to Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), infertility, chronic pelvic pain, sterility. It can also spread to blood or joints which results in life threatening disease.

STD Symptoms:
- Incubation period of 1-14 days
- (Male Only) Many men with gonorrhea will have no symptoms at all
- Painful, burning, or frequent urination
- Abnormal discharge (Clear or milky at first, later becoming thick, yellow, more excessive, and sometimes blood-tinged)
- Painful or swollen testicles
- If an anal infection, pain, bleeding, and/or discharge from anus
- (Female Only) Early symptoms are sometimes so mild they are mistaken for a bladder or vaginal infection
- Yellow vaginal discharge
- Lower abdominal pain
- Irregular menstrual bleeding
- Swollen or painful glands at opening of the vagina (Bartholin Glands)
- Genital itching
- Fever and general tiredness/lethargy
- Pain during sexual intercourse

- Can be transmitted through oral, anal, or vaginal sex

- Urinalysis (SFHT Diagnostic)

- Single dose of Cipro XR, Levaquin, or Tequin


Hepatitis – The leading cause of liver cancer and the most common reason for liver transplantation. Most people with hepatitis do not know that they are infected. If you were born after 1982, you were most likely vaccinated against Hepatitis B Virus. However, there remains no vaccination against the Hepatitis C Virus.

STD Symptoms
- Dark urine
- Extreme Fatigue
- Nausea
- Vomiting
- Mild Fever
- Constant discomfort on the right side of the abdomen under the rib cage, where the liver is located.
   In most people, the discomfort is made worse when their bodies are jarred or if they overwork themselves.
- Jaundice (The skin and whites of the eyes appear yellow)

- Can be transmitted by contact with blood or other bodily fluids
- For that reason, unsafe injection practices or sexual contact can transmit Hepatitis

- Confirmed by blood testing for antigens or antibodies

- For acute hepatitis: Customarily, only medications for symptom relief and support are required for acute viral hepatitis
- For chronic hepatitis: Injections of interferon for 4-6 months or oral dosing of lamivudine for at least one year


Herpes – Caused by either of two herpes simplex viruses (HSV-1 or HSV-2). Generally, genital herpes is caused by HSV-2. However, it can cause genital infection via oral sex with a partner carrying HSV-1, which is colloquially referred to as “oral herpes” as it normally is only found on the mouth and lips, where it causes “fever blisters”.

STD Symptoms
- During initial infection, you may have flu-like symptoms such as headache, muscle aches and fever, or swollen lymph nodes in your groin
- Tingling, burning, itching, and redness at the site where an outbreak is about to occur (prodrome).
- Small red bumps or tiny white blisters that eventually become oozing ulcers
- If ulcers are internal, it may be painful to urinate
- Recurrent outbreaks of HSV cause painful blisters that rupture, become sores, and heal after 6 to 12 days.

- HSV-1: Spread through sexual or skin-to-skin contact. This type causes cold sores or fever blisters, but can be transmitted to the genital area
- HSV-2: Spread through sexual or skin-to-skin contact. This type is much more contagious than HSV-1, and it can be transmitted even without an open sore.

- Confirmed by blood testing for presence of HSV antibodies
- A DNA test is also available for early detection and determination of which type of HSV you have.

- There is no cure for herpes, however, prescription antiviral medications are often recommended. Although they are not a cure, they speed healing of sores, lessen their severity and duration, reduce their frequency, and minimize the chance of transmission to others.


HIV – The World Health Organization has declared Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) as a worldwide pandemic. Its mechanism of action involves the rapidly spreading infection of immune system cells. Without appropriate treatment, HIV will eventually result in AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome), a condition where the immune system is heavily disabled, leaving individuals susceptible to infections that usually do not cause disease in a healthy person. The presence of other STD’s greatly increases both susceptibility to HIV infection of individuals without HIV and infectiousness of individuals with HIV.

STD Symptoms
- Many people do not develop any symptoms when they first become infected with HIV.
- Some people, get a flu-like illness within three to six weeks after exposure to the virus.
- Acute HIV Syndrome, may include fever, headache, tiredness, nausea, diarrhea and enlarged lymph nodes (organs of the immune system that can be felt in the neck, armpits and groin).
- Although the infection is slowly taking hold of your body, the majority of those infected with HIV will be asymptomatic.
- Despite the absence of HIV symptoms, you are still highly contagious during this time making it very much a possibility to infect others.

Only by being tested for HIV can you know for sure if you have been infected.

- Chronic symptoms include:
       - Swollen lymph nodes
       - Diarrhea
       - Weight Loss
       - Fever
       - Cough and shortness of breath

- HIV is transmitted via infected blood, semen, or vaginal secretions
- It is not transmitted by skin-to-skin contact

- Confirmed by blood sample testing

- Treatment of HIV usually involves several drugs used in combination in order to prevent development of viral immunity to single drugs
- A proper drug treatment plan can reduce the viral load to a point where it is undetectable


Syphilis – A bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. Syphilis presents itself symptomatically in a number of stages. It is known as the “great imitator” as many of its symptoms are the same as other sexually transmitted diseases. This factor makes differential diagnosis difficult and makes laboratory testing more necessary.

STD Symptoms
- Primary Stage:
The initial stage of syphilis infection is marked by the appearance of a single chancre sore at the location of infection, a firm, painless, non-itchy skin ulceration. Sores do not have to appear on the penis or vagina. They appear at the location of exposure/infection. Multiple sores are possible if infection occurs in multiple locations. Sores can appear internally and go unnoticed. Swelling of the lymph nodes may appear near the chancre. Primary stage symptoms begin approximately 21 days after exposure. The chancre lasts for 28-42 days, sometimes leaving a small scar. Even if the chancre has healed, individuals can still be infectious.

- Secondary Stage:
Begins 4-10 weeks after the chancre sore’s appearance. Some individuals experience a rash that begins on the trunk of the body and spreads over the entire body, including the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. The rash usually consists of reddish brown, small, solid, flat or raised skin sores that are less than 2 cm (0.8 in.) across. But the rash may look like other more common skin problems. Small, open sores may be present on mucous membranes. The sores may contain pus. Or moist sores that look like warts (called condyloma lata) may be present around mouth or genitals. Individuals are highly contagious during this stage. The skin rash usually heals in 2 to 12 weeks on its own without scarring. After healing, skin discoloration may occur. But just because the skin rash has healed does not mean the syphilis is cured or that a person cannot pass the infection to others.
- After Full Body Infection:
- Fever of usually less than 101°F (38.3°C).
- Sore throat.
- Vague feeling of weakness or discomfort throughout the body.
- Weight loss.
- Patchy hair loss, especially in the eyebrows, eyelashes, and scalp hair.
- Swelling of the lymph nodes.
- Nervous system symptoms of secondary syphilis, which can cause headaches, stiff neck, vision or hearing problems, irritability, paralysis, unequal reflexes, and irregular (different-sized) pupils.
- Tertiary Stage: If untreated, after the secondary stage, the disease may go latent (dormant or hidden) for many years only to return and cause complications damaging the brain, eyes, nerves, heart, liver, bones, and joints. This occurs in 15-30% of people who do not get treatment.

- Occurs through contact with the sore of an infected individual. It enters through minor cuts or abrasions in skin or mucous membranes
- Contagious during both its primary and secondary stages, and sometimes during the early latent period
- Even if you have been previously infected and then cured of syphilis, re-infection is possible through a repeat exposure.

- Confirmed by blood sample testing for the presence of antibodies

- A single injection of penicillin can eradicate the disease if the infection is caught early
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